- Judicial Foreclosure: Depending on your state's law, the lender may file for a foreclosure with your local circuit court and send you a summons.
- Non-judicial foreclosure: Some states permit a lender to foreclose without having to go into court as long as the lender follows that state's foreclosure procedures. This is called non-judicial foreclosure. Here, the lender will send you a default letter, and a notice of default will be filed. If you do not cure the default after a certain period, the lender will mail you a Notice of Sale, record it, and publish it.
11 ways before lender files foreclosure
- Build Emergency fund:
Apart from creating a budget, put some of your paycheck into an emergency savings account fund to ensure that you have enough cash to continue paying the loan.
- Cut down on expenses:
If you're having a tough time paying your bills, try and find areas where you can minimize your spending.
- Cash-out assets/Take up a second job:
Try cashing out assets like stocks, savings accounts and investment property that if sold can give you a lump sum you can use to pay down your debts. You might even consider getting a second job.
- Enroll with a Credit Counseling service:
If you are having problems paying off your loan and want to avoid foreclosure, contact a housing/credit counselor for financial advice. There are FHA and HUD approved counselors to help you with the following:
- Analyze your finances and prepare monthly budget to ensure that you can meet your daily expenses and repay your debts.
- Call the lender and discuss about workout options that can help you keep your home.
- Protect you from future credit problems before you are too far behind on your mortgage.
- Provide information about assistance programs/services in your area.
You'll find a state-by-state list of HUD approved counseling agencies in the "Related References" section below. You can also contact counselors associated with the National Foundation of Credit Counseling or the Association of Independent Consumer Credit Counseling Agencies.
- Obama's Making Home Affordable program:
If you have a Sallie Mae or Freddie Mac mortgage, then you may be eligible for mortgage assistance as part of Barack Obama's Making Home Affordable program. You can also get assistance with short sales and deeds-in-lieu.
- Refinance the existing loan:
If there's enough equity in the home and you satisfy the lender's guidelines, then refinancing may be a good option to avoid foreclosure. When you refinance, don't get lured in by the low initial rates on ARMs or interest-only payments; the chances are good that you will face even higher interest payments on these loans once the rates start adjusting.
- Emergency Mortgage Assistance programs:
If you have lost your job or your income has been reduced, and you feel it's not possible to pay down the loan, you can get help from an emergency assistance program in order to avoid foreclosure. Hope Now is one of the many programs available in the market.
- Forbearance and Repayment plans:
With forbearance, the lender may reduce your the amount you pay each month or even suspend it for a few months so you can get back on track and continue paying. Often the lender suggests a repayment plan so that the arrears are rolled into the amount of the loan balance and you can continue repaying the debt once the forbearance period is over.
The lender may be willing to accept the entire amount you owe in a single payment on a specific date. Then you can continue repaying the debt on a monthly basis as though you were never behind.
- Loan Modification:
Loan modification is one way you can avoid foreclosure on your home. This involves an agreement between you and the mortgage company where the original terms and conditions of your loan will be modified so that you can afford to pay on the mortgage.
- Foreclosure Intervention program:
There are agencies that grant funds to delinquent borrowers and help them negotiate with lenders about rescheduling payment. In order to qualify you for these grants, the agency will look at a number of factors such as:
- Your income,
- The reason for the late/missed payments or inability to pay,
- Your housing ratio
- Your ability to pay in future.
While there is a maximum amount of money these agencies can lend, if you have FHA insured loan, you may qualify for an interest-free or a payment-free loan to pay off the debt and get current on the loan. The loan needs to be paid back only after you've repaid the mortgage.
6 ways after lender files foreclosure
- Seek Court Protection:
If you are unemployed or underemployed, then depending on your state's laws, you may be able to seek the protection of the court. In this case, the court may postpone foreclosure for the next 6 months so you can try and gather the funds to get current on your loan.
- File Chapter 13:
You may file [url=http://www.mortgagefit.com/bankruptcy/chapter13.html]Chapter 13 bankruptcy[/url] and avoid foreclosure sale if your other debts are preventing you from becoming current on your mortgage. Chapter 13 is designed to help you restructure and pay back your debts within 3-5 years.
- Sell off your property:
If you no longer wish to keep the home, you can try to sell it off at a price equal to the fair market value. The best way to try and sell your property is to list it with a realtor or real estate agent.
- Try for short sale:
A short sale is where you try to sell your property for less than the amount of your loan. If you attempt a short sale, you must get any offer approved by your lender. Learn how a short sale works.
- Ask your lender to accept a deed-in-lieu:
If a short sale isn't working, then you might want to try to get the lender to accept a [url=http://www.mortgagefit.com/deed-lieu.html]deed in lieu of foreclosure[/url]. However, most lenders are reluctant to accept a deed in lieu because they have to manage the property until they can find a buyer.
With a deed in lieu, you give the house to the lender in exchange for being released from the debt. This will also lower your credit score. Learn more...
- File Chapter 7:
Filing Chapter 7 will put a temporary stop to a foreclosure. However, depending upon your state laws, you may or may not be able to keep the home. Learn more...
What if none of the options work for you?
Prior to judgment, you may be able to redeem the loan by using the right of redemption if your state grants you this right. This allows you to pay off the mortgage along with the lender's court costs and attorney fees.
Foreclosure is one of the worst things that can happen to you. The best thing to do if you're in danger of falling behind on your mortgage is to contact your lender or a credit counselor and discuss how you can avoid foreclosure.
- HAFA short sale - An alternative to avoid foreclosure
- Save home from foreclosure: Courts can waive off mortgage
- How does foreclosure affect homeowners?
- Loss Mitigation options to stay out of foreclosure
- Mortgage in trouble - how to avoid foreclosure?
- How to avoid foreclosure amidst disability and bankruptcy
- Quit claim to avoid foreclosure
- Should I file bankruptcy to avoid foreclosure?
- Hard Money Lenders to avoid foreclosure